Architect Boris Bernaskoni, is releasing the manifesto ‘AND WAR AND PEACE', dedicated to architecture and the destructive forces that it opposes. Within its core resides an analysis, containing a typology of 10 different forms of war and 10 projects developed by Bureau Bernaskoni, that respond to these conflict-ridden challenges. The Manifesto is the starting point to the multi-year project ‘AND WAR AND PEACE' which activates the architect’s first personal exhibition in Russia and the construction of new cities.
Bernaskoni’s projects are dedicated to the creation of a new vision of the world, a world without war, a world of sustainable development, where the architect can build peaceful connections in social environments through his statements. Architecture, in his opinion, must solve humanities problems: social, ecological and political. This is what he does, starting with his diploma at the Moscow Institute of Architecture and his debut at the main event of the Venice Biennale in 2008.
Analytics and statements can be uncovered in each of Bernaskoni’s studies. In this case, it is the pacifist manifesto ‘AND WAR AND PEACE'. The architect speaks against wars, those that destroy cities, and for the redistribution of at least 1% of military budgets for the benefit of architecture and construction. For the creation of new cities as the foundation to long-term, peace-making operations.
In the manifesto, Bernaskoni states "Name the initial impetus for the emergence of a terrorist, and you will know what to do. Social eruptions and chaos appear where the desires of the masses are ignored and when they are not presented with fair solutions. You may be surprised once more, to hear that the analysis of the majority of the targets in the 17 sectors of sustainable development stated in the Resolution, taken by the General Assembly on the 25th of September 2015 entitled "Transforming our world: the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development" can be solved by means of the work and talent of architects".
Utilising the model of 10 wars (biological, atomic, climatic etc), Bernaskoni explains the cause of instability and cultural stagnation in the history of the past and the present. He takes 10 military messages, those which represent a typological spectrum of the challenges of ‘war', and with the examples of the bureau’s projects presents constructive suggestions to the solutions of these challenges. What can current architecture provide as a counter to the pandemic as a form of biological warfare? Why does the project ‘Port' in Azov, act as a resolution to economic warfare and financial oppression? How does the ‘Arc' in Nikola-Lenivets remind us of what the world is made from, and preserve within it the memory of geophysical artillery, and the ‘Matrex' building, located in the Skolkovo centre of innovation, prove the pointlessness of hybrid warfare?
Bernaskoni, considers the history of human culture as a cycle of parallel processes: destruction and construction. He labels them under the terminologies of ‘War' and ‘Peace'. ‘War' is everything that challenges humankind and brings loss to the world: socially, ecologically and politically. All of these challenges, Bernaskoni believes, demand a solution. It is through this logic that ‘Peace' emerges. The backbone of which could include scientific innovation and construction or creation, in the broadest of terms.
The manifesto is to be published on the website of ‘AND WAR AND PEACE', where news and forthcoming actions regarding the project will be recorded. One will also be able to donate resources towards the project’s development and attain editions containing the manifesto there, which will be circulated as a limited edition of 100 copies. Collected funds will be utilised for the development of the exhibition and the book ‘AND WAR AND PEACE', and in the long-term, towards the construction of a new city as the foundation to long-term peace-making operations, as stated in the manifesto.